Why Georgia

The Highest Village of Europe – Ushguli

 At 2200m Ushguli is the highest

permanently inhabited settlement in

Europe. The village of about 200 people

is located in Upper Svaneti region, at the

foot of Mt. Shkhara (5068m) – one of the

highest summits of the Great Caucasus.

Dotted with medieval Svanetian

watchtowers Ushguli is also a UNESCO

World Heritage Site.


 The fabulous kingdom of Colchis,

mighty King Aeetes, enchanting Medea,

legendary Jason and the Argonauts and

invaluable Golden Fleece – an ancient

Greek myth based in Georgia. Numerous

gold artifacts found in the area and Tim

Severin’s recreated voyage of 1984 prove

that the story of the Golden Fleece could

easily be true, especially considering

Georgia’s centuries-old tradition of getting

gold particles from flowing mountain

rivers with the help of the fleece.

Georgian people shared the Message of
God in the first century when the Holy
Apostles Andrew the First-called, Simon
the Canaanite and Matthias preached
the Gospel here, although Georgia was
officially converted to Christianity in
337 with the evangelism of St. Nino of
Cappadocia. Being one of the world’s
most ancient Christian countries, Georgia
also preserves the most holy relic – the
Robe of Christ.

With its favorable geographic location
Georgia has always been a connecting
link between Europe and Asia, traversed
by many routes including the famous Silk
Road. This most important pre-modern
trade road linking China with the West
diverged into northern and southern
routes, the northern one passing through
Georgia. The traces of ancient caravans
are still visible near Uplistsikhe cave town.

When it comes to wine-making, Georgia
is blessed. Grapevine has been cultivated
in the fertile valleys of Georgia for about
8000 years. With over 500 varieties of
endemic grapes and the world’s first
cultivated grapevines, the traditions of
viticulture are entwined with the country’s
national identity. It is also believed that
the word “wine” is of Georgian origin
(“Rvino – ghvino” in Georgian).

1.7-million-year-old skulls found during
Dmanisi archaeological excavations is the
oldest evidence of human habitation in
Europe. It proves that there is almost onemillion-
year gap between Dmanisi and
any European early-human site, making
Georgia the homeland of the FIRST

Georgia has one of the world’s richest
and oldest histories. Archaeological
excavations provide clear evidence that
Georgian tribes formed their statehood
as early as the second millennium BC. The
remains of the flourishing Georgian states
of Colchis and Iberia can be seen while
travelling in the ancient cities of Vani,
Kutaisi and Mtskheta.

Georgia’s original and highly developed
culture is proved by its unique language
and script. Spoken by about 5 million
people worldwide, Georgian language has
an ancient literary tradition. It belongs to
Iberian-Caucasian language family and is
a unique language having no parallels in
the world languages. Georgian alphabet
was created in the 3rd century BC and is
one of the only 14 existing scripts in the
world. It has 33 letters: 5 – vowels and 28
– consonants. Georgians write from left
to right. Earliest Georgian inscriptions are
found in a church near Bethlehem (430
AD) and in Bolnisi Sioni church (495 AD)
in the South-East of Georgia. The earliest
Georgian hagiographic novel also dates
back to the 5th century AD.

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