General Information

Area: 69,700 sq.km
Population: 4.6 million, Georgians – 85%, Armenians – 5%, Azeris – 6%,
Russians – 1%.
Capital: Tbilisi, pop. 1.1 million
Language: Georgian (state)
Religion: Georgian Orthodox (main), Catholic, Muslim, Armenian Gregorian,
Jewish
Currency: Lari (GEL), 1 USD = 2.35 GEL, 1 EURO = 2.45 GEL
Time: + 4 hrs GMT (Winter time), + 3 hrs GMT (Sommer time)
Climate: West Georgia – subtropical climate. East Georgia – continental climate.
The alpine zone begins at about 2,100 meters; above 3,600 meters snow
and ice are present year-round. The average summer temperatures
range from 20oC to 24oC, average winter temperatures range from 2oC
to 4oC.
Airport: Tbilisi International Airport; Batumi International Airport
Main Towns: Kutaisi (233,000), Rustavi (150,000), Batumi (130,000), Gori (68,000),
Sokhumi (60,000)
High Peaks: Shkhara (5068m), Janga (5059m), Kazbegi (5047m), Ushba (4700m).
Main Rivers: Mtkvari (Kura) – 1515km (351km in Georgia), Alazani – 407km (390km
in Georgia), Rioni (333km).
Main Lakes: The biggest – Paravani (38 sq.km, depth – 3.3m, 2073m above sealevel)
The highest – Keli (1.3 sq.km. depth – 63m, 2900m above sea-level)
The deepest – Ritsa (1.5 sq.km. depth – 101m, 880m above sea-level)
Electricity: 220 V, 50 Hz. two round-pin plugs are used

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